Iranian Missile Launches: 1988-Present

Despite Iran’s apparent compliance with the nuclear deal concluded in 2015, its missile programs remain a serious concern. Since 2006, the United Nations has repeatedly sanctioned Iran’s ballistic missile programs, and in 2010 the Security Council called for a complete halt to Iran’s testing of WMD-capable missiles.

The pace of Iran’s missile testing has nevertheless remained roughly steady since the election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in 2005. One exception to this trend was a brief hiatus in 2013-2014 during negotiations over Iran’s nuclear program that led to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. Iran has since resumed its missile testing, which now approaches previous levels. In July 2017, Iran employed ballistic missiles against ISIS targets in Syria.

Another notable development has been Iran’s increased use of solid fuel, showcased by its medium-range Sejjil ballistic missile, and the short-range Fateh family, which includes the Zolfaghar and Khalij Fars. Solid-fueled missiles are more mobile and require less preparation time prior to launch than motors using liquid fuel.

Besides its short and medium-range ballistic missiles, Iran has an active cruise missile program, which include the longer-range land-attack Soumar and several antiship missiles. Tehran also maintains an active space launch vehicle program, including the Simorgh and Safir, with which it can demonstrate technologies applicable to longer-range missiles.

Last Updated: October 12, 2017

Date Missile Type Missile Class Number Launched Launch Type Outcome Citation
July 27, 2017 Simorgh SLV 1 Test Failure Fox News
June 18, 2017 Zolfaghar SRBM 5 Operational Uncertain; Israeli sources claim only 1 of 6 missiles hit their target. United States Institute of Peace
June 18, 2017 Qiam-1 SRBM 1 Operational Uncertain; Israeli  sources claim only 1 of 6 missiles hit their target. Asia Times
May 2, 2017 Jask-2 Cruise Missile 1 Test Failure The Diplomat
March 5, 2017 Fateh-110 SRBM 1 Test Success Fox News
March 4, 2017 Fateh-110 SRBM 1 Test Failure; missed target,
but in vicinity
Fox News
February 27, 2017 Dehlaviyeh ASCM 1 Naval Exercise Success VOA
February 27, 2017 Nasir SLCM 1 Naval Exercise Success VOA
January 29, 2017 Khorramshahr MRBM 1 Test Failure; exploded in flight Reuters
January 29, 2017 Soumar GLCM 1 Test Success; first known flight test of missile Reuters
December 6, 2016 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Test Success Fox News
September 2016 Zolfaghar SRBM 1 Test Success Jane’s 360
July 11, 2016 Musudan (BM-25) IRBM 1 Test Failure; exploded shortly after launch Fox News
April 25, 2016 Musudan (BM-25) IRBM 1 Test Success Popular Mechanics
April 19, 2016 Simorgh SLV 1 Test Uncertain; failed to reach orbit. Potentially testing third stage booster Washington Free Beacon
March 9, 2016 Qiam-1 SRBM 1 Military Exercise Success United Nations
March 9, 2016 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Military Exercise Success United Nations
March 8, 2016 Qadr-H MRBM 1 Military Exercise Success CBS News
March 7, 2016 Qadr-F MRBM 1 Military Exercise Success CBS News
November 21, 2015 Ghadr-1 MRBM 1 Test Success Reuters
October 10, 2015 Emad MRBM 1 Test Success CNN
August 22, 2015 Fateh-313 SRBM 1 Test Success Reuters
February 25, 2015 Khalij Fars SRBM 2 Test Success MEMRI
February 2, 2015 Safir SLV 1 Satellite Launch Success Project Alpha
February 10, 2014 Bina GLCM/ALCM 1 Test Success Reuters
February 10, 2014 Qiam-1 SRBM 1 Test Success Reuters
February, 2013 Safir SLV 1 Test Failure Anthony Cordesman
January 28, 2013 Kavoshgar SLV 1 Test Success. Monkey launched into space, unclear if the animal survived. The Guardian
September, 2012 Safir SLV 1 Satellite Launch Failure Union of Concerned Scientists
August 5, 2012 Fateh-110 SRBM 1 Test Success CNN
July 1-2, 2012 Noble Prophet 7 SRBM, MRBM Precise numbers unknown. Iran reportedly launched “tens” of missiles during the exercise. Military Exercise Success Congressional Research Service
May 23, 2012 Safir SLV 1 Satellite Launch Failure SpaceFlight Now
February 3, 2012 Safir SLV 1 Satellite Launch Success Space
January 1, 2012 Qader ASCM 1 Naval Exercise Success BBC
January 1, 2012 Noor ASCM 1 Naval Exercise Success BBC
January 1, 2012 Nasr ASCM 1 Naval Exercise Success BBC
June 27-July 6, 2011 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Military Exercise Success New York Times
June 27-July 6, 2011 Shahab-2 SRBM 1 Military Exercise Success Congressional Research Service
June 27-July 6, 2011 Shahab-1 SRBM 2 Military Exercise Success Congressional Research Service
June 27-July 6, 2011 Fateh-110 SRBM 2 Military Exercise Success Congressional Research Service
June 15, 2011 Safir SLV 1 Satellite Launch Success Congressional Research Service
March 15, 2011 Kavosghar SLV 1 Space Capsule Launch Success Space
February, 2011 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Test Success Institute for Science and International Security
February, 2011 Sejjil MRBM 1 Test Success Michael Elleman
October, 2010 Sejjil MRBM 1 Test Unclear Institute for Science and International Security
August, 2010 Qiam-1 SRBM 1 Test Success IHS Jane’s Weapons: Strategic 2015-2016
April 23-25, 2010 Tactical Sea-to-Sea,
Shore-to-Sea Missiles
ASCM 5 Military/Naval Exercise Success Anthony Cordesman
February 3, 2010 Kavosghar SLV 1 Test Success; launched two turtles, worms, and a rat into orbit The Guardian
December 16, 2009 Sejjil-2 MRBM 1 Test Success IHS Jane’s Weapons: Strategic 2015-2016
September 28-29, 2009 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Military Exercise Success Washington Post
September 28-29, 2009 Shahab-2 SRBM 1 Military Exercise Success Congressional Research Service
September 28-29, 2009 Sejjil/Sejjil 2 MRBM 1 Military Exercise Failure Congressional Research Service
September 28-29, 2009 Fateh-110 SRBM 1 Military Exercise Success Congressional Research Service
September 28-29, 2009 Shahab-1 SRBM 1 Military Exercise Success Congressional Research Service
May 20, 2009 Sejjil-2 MRBM 1 Test Success IHS Jane’s Weapons:
Strategic 2015-2016
February 3, 2009 Safir SLV 1 Satellite Launch Success; first domestically produced satellite put in orbit BBC
December, 2008 Nasr ASCM 1 Test Success Anthony Cordesman
November, 2008 Sejjil MRBM 1 Test Success IHS Jane’s Weapons:
Strategic 2015-2016
August 17, 2008 Safir SLV 1 Test Failure Arms Control Association
July 8-10, 2008 Shahab-3 MRBM 2 Military Exercise Success BBC
July 8-10, 2008 Shahab-2 SRBM 1 Military Exercise Success IHS Jane’s Weapons:
Strategic 2015-2016
July 8-10, 2008 Fateh-110 SRBM 1 Military Exercise Success IHS Jane’s Weapons:
Strategic 2015-2016
July 8-10, 2008 Shahab-1 SRBM 1 Military Exercise Success Congressional Research Service
February 3, 2008 Kavoshgar SLV 1 Test Success NBC News
November 20, 2007 Ashura MRBM 1 Test Failure Arms Control Association
May 17, 2007 Musudan (BM-25) IRBM 1 Test Success The Telegraph
March 22, 2007 Land-to-Sea Cruise Missile ASCM 1 Test Success Anthony Cordesman
February 7, 2007 SSN4 (Raad) ASCM 1 Test Success DNA
January, 2007 Fateh-110 SRBM 1 Test Success Iran Watch
December, 2006 Ghadr-1 MRBM 1 Test Success Congressional Research Service
November 2-9, 2006 Shahab-3 MRBM 2 Military/Naval Exercise Success Congressional Research Service
November 2-9, 2006 Shahab-2 SRBM 2-4 Military/Naval Exercise Success Congressional Research Service
November 2-9, 2006 Fateh-110 SRBM 1 Military/Naval Exercise Success Congressional Research Service
November 2-9, 2006 Shahab-1 SRBM 1 Military/Naval Exercise Success Congressional Research Service
November 2-9, 2006 Nasr ASCM 1 Military/Naval Exercise Success Congressional Research Service
November 2-9, 2006 Noor ASCM 1 Military/Naval Exercise Success Congressional Research Service
November 2-9, 2006 Kowsar ASCM 1 Military/Naval Exercise Success Congressional Research Service
November 2-9, 2006 Shahab-1 SRBM 1 Military/Naval Exercise Success Congressional Research Service
May 23, 2006 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Test Success Reuters
March 31, 2006 Shahab-2 SRBM 1 Test Success Washington Times
March 31, 2006 C-701 ASCM 1 Test Success Anthony Cordesman
March 31, 2006 Noor ASCM 1 Test Success Anthony Cordesman
January 17, 2006 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Test Success Arms Control Association
October 20, 2004 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Test Success IHS Jane’s Weapons:
Strategic 2015-2016
September 12-18, 2004 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Test Success Associated Press
August, 2004 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Test Success IHS Jane’s Weapons:
Strategic 2015-2016
July, 2003 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Test Success IHS Jane’s Weapons:
Strategic 2015-2016
September, 2002 Fateh-110 SRBM 1 Test Success Iran Watch
August, 2002 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Test Success Wisconsin Project
July, 2002 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Test Failure IHS Jane’s Weapons:
Strategic 2015-2016
May, 2002 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Test Success IHS Jane’s Weapons:
Strategic 2015-2016
January, 2002 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Test Failure; ground fire during fueling Iran Watch
May, 2001 Fateh-110 SRBM 1 Test Success IHS Jane’s Weapons:
Strategic 2015-2016
September 21, 2000 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Test Failure IHS Jane’s Weapons:
Strategic 2015-2016
July 15, 2000 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Test Success FAS
February 20, 2000 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Test Success FAS
July 22, 1998 Shahab-3 MRBM 1 Test Partially Successful; flew 1,000 km before it was destroyed,
cause unclear.
IHS Jane’s Weapons:
Strategic 2015-2016
October 14, 1997 Shahab-2 SRBM 1 Test Success NTI
June 6, 1997 C-802 ALCM 1 Test Success Iran Watch
June 3, 1997 C-802 ASCM 1 Test Success Iran Watch
January 6, 1996 C-802 ASCM 1 Test Success NTI
May 24, 1991 Scud C SRBM 1 Test Success Iran Watch
July 31, 1988 Mushak 160 SRBM 1 Test Success Iran Watch
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