The Fateh-313 is a short-range solid-fuel missile, an upgraded version of the Fateh-110 series of missiles. The Fateh-313 features an extended range of 500 km and improved accuracy.1 Iran likely used the Fateh-313 in its January 8, 2020 attacks against U.S. forces in Iraq.
Fateh-313 at a Glance
Originated from: Iran
Possessed by: Iran
Class: Short-Range Ballistic Missile (SRBM)
Warhead: High Explosive
Propulsion: Single-stage solid propellant
Range: 500 km
In service: 2015-present
Iran first unveiled the missile at its Defense Industry Day in August 2015, a month after a landmark nuclear deal with the United States.2 The Iranian Defense Ministry claims that the missile has already been successfully tested and is ready for mass production.
The expanded range of the Fateh-313 serves several purposes in Iran’s planning. It provides a wider target set, allowing Tehran to threaten more of the Arab Gulf states military facilities. Greater range also allows Iran to fire its missiles from more places inside its territory, allowing its transporter erector launchers to disperse more effectively complicating attempts to strike them before the missiles can be launched.3
The improved precision of the missile also allows Iran a more effective tool against hardened military targets. The Fateh-313 precision are likely derived from more advanced inertial navigation, couple with satellite navigation, and potentially some form of terminal guidance. The larger guidance unit being facilitated by a smaller nose section and not the propulsion system suggests that at least some weight reductions are accomplished through a reduced payload. 4
The limited imagery of the Fateh-313 suggests that its dimensions are roughly similar to the Fateh-110. This suggests that its additional range is accomplished through better flight characteristics, which could include a more powerful or efficient propulsion system, and/or reducing the weight through either smaller payload or lighter weight composite materials. The rear fins and finlets just above them are also distinct from the Fateh-110.
On January 8, Iran launched ballistic missiles strikes against U.S. forces at Ain Al-Asad and Erbil Air Bases in Iraq. At least 11 missiles struck Al-Asad air base, with at least one striking. The Fateh 313 was likely one of the missiles employed in the attack, demonstrating a greater degree of precision than many oberservers had previously assumed. Analysis of open source satellite imagery indicates an accuracy of at least 12 meters CEP.5