The Shahab-2 is the Iranian variant of the Russian SS-1D ‘Scud C’. It is a single-stage, liquid-propelled, short-range ballistic missile. Its maximum range is 500 km, and it carries a single warhead with the maximum payload of 770 kg.

Shahab 2 at a Glance

Originated from: Iran, North Korea
Possessed by: Iran
Class: Short-Range Ballistic Missile (SRBM)
Basing: Road-mobile
Length: 10.94 or 11.5 m
Diameter: 0.88 m
Launch weight: 6,095 kg
Payload: 770 kg
Warhead: High explosive (HE)
Propulsion: Single-stage liquid propellant
Range: 500 km
Status: Operational
In service: 1997-present

shahab 2Shahab 2 Development

Shahab-2 measures approximately 11 m, with a launch weight of 6,095 kg. This missile presumably carries HE, although it may be WMD capable.1 Iran received between 100 and 170 Scud C’s in 1997, which it used to start a domestic production.2

The Shahab-2 was tested in July 1998 following its introduction into service in 1997. In 2004, the missile became an active participant in all military drills and exercises.

Iran may have aided Syria by building a Scud-C production facility in Hama.3


An improved variant, Qiam-1, was first tested on August 10, 2010. The Qiam-1 is very similar to the Shahab-2, but it has a triconic shaped reentry vehicle, heavier launch weight (6,155 kg), smaller payload (750 kg), longer range (800 km), and enhanced accuracy (500 m CEP).4 Iran conducted a second successful flight test on February 10, 2014, and a third on March 9, 2016 during a larger military exercise.5 According to Iranian media, Iran fired at least one Qiam-1 missile in its ballistic missile strike against ISIS targets in Syria on June 18, 2017.

    1. Andrew Feickert, “Iran’s Ballistic Missile Capabilities,” 3, (Congressional Research Service, August 23, 2004),
    2. Ibid.
    3. Nuclear Threat Initiative, “Hama Missile Base and Production Facility,” (NTI),
    4. Duncan Lennox. “Shahab 2 (Qiam, SS-1D ‘Scud C’ Variant.” Jane’s Strategic Weapon Systems (Offensive Weapons). September 10, 2012.
    5. CSIS Missile Threat, “Iranian Missile Launches: 1988-Present,” August 17, 2017,