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US Deploys Patriot to Poland

On March 9, the United States announced it had deployed two Patriot surface-to-air missile batteries to Poland. The United States relocated the systems from the Rhine Ordnance Barracks in Germany. U.S. officials described the deployment as “temporary” and “defensive.” Patriot is U.S. Army’s primary air and missile defense system

India Accidentally Fires Unarmed Missile into Pakistan

On March 9, India mistakenly launched an unarmed missile into eastern Pakistan. The Indian Defense Ministry said the accidental fire resulted from a “technical malfunction” in the course of regular maintenance. The projectile was reportedly a BrahMos cruise missile, which was jointly developed with Russia and can travel approximately 300-500 km. The missile damaged civilian...

North Korea Test Fires Ballistic Missile

On February 27, North Korea test fired an unknown short-range ballistic missile (SRBM). The missile was launched from Sunan, located near the capital of Pyongyang, and ranged around 300 km and reached an altitude of 620 km. This launch marks the eighth of its kind this year, with the most recent test taking place on...

South Korea Test Fires L-SAM Interceptor

On February 23, South Korea test fired its indigenous long-range surface-to-air missile (L-SAM), designed primarily to intercept ballistic missiles. The state-run Agency for Defense Development oversaw the launch at a testing site in Taean, located 150 km southwest of Seoul. South Korea plans to deploy L-SAM by 2026 as a mid-capability between its PAC-3 and...

Israel Conducts First C-Dome Air Defense Live-fire Test

On February 21, Israel completed the first series of live-fire tests of its C-Dome air defense system. According to the Israel Defense Force, the tests “simulated a number of advanced threats including rocket fire, cruise missiles & UAVs, which the ‘C-Dome’ is designed to successfully intercept.” The C-Dome is a naval version of Israel’s Iron...

US Approves Patriot Refurbishment Sale to Taiwan

On February 7, the U.S. State Department approved a potential Patriot refurbishment package to Taiwan. The deal is estimated to cost $100 million and includes “engineering services support, designed to sustain, maintain, and improve” the Patriot air defense systems already based in Taiwan.  

North Korea Tests Ballistic, Cruise Missiles

On January 30, North Korea test fired a Hwasong-12 intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM). The missile reportedly ranged 800 km and reached an altitude of 2,000 km before splashing down in the sea east of the country. North Korea first tested the Hwasong-12, also known as the KN-17, in May 2017. This marks the fourth Hwasong-12...

North Korea Test Fires Ballistic Missile

On January 5, North Korea test fired a ballistic missile with a maneuvering reentry vehicle (MaRV). The missile was fired from a road-mobile launcher and ranged about 700 km before splashing into the Sea of Japan. According to North Korea, the “hypersonic missile” made a 120 km “lateral movement” maneuver.

Iran Launches Simorgh Rocket

On December 30, Iran launched a Simorgh rocket aiming to put three research devices into orbit. The payload failed to enter orbit, however, due to lack of speed. According to Iranian spokesman Ahmad Hosseini, “For a payload to enter orbit, it needs to reach speeds above 7,600 [meters per second]. We reached 7,350.”

India Fires Agni-P Ballistic Missile

On December 18, India test fired its Agni-P medium-range ballistic missile. This marked the second Agni-P launch, with the first taking place in June 2021. The Agni-P is a two-stage missile that can range up to 2,000 km. It is a canister-launched system and weighs significantly less than the Agni-III.