On June 12, President Donald Trump of the United States and Chairman Kim Jong Un of North Korea signed a statement at the Singapore summit which committed both countries to four main objectives:
- To reset the countries’ bilateral relations
- To build a peaceful regime on the Korean Peninsula
- To continue the April 2018 Panmunjom Declaration to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula
- To repatriate Korean POW and MIA remains
President Trump defended the preliminary agreement’s non-explicit character, citing a separate informal agreement for the U.S. to cease military exercises with South Korean forces in acknowledgement of Chairman Kim’s earlier demolition of a missile engine test site. The location of the site was not specified in the press conference, but commercial satellite imagery from May 19 indicates the President likely referred to the Iha-ri missile test stand, North Korea’s only known site for land-based, cannister launched ballistic missile ejection tests. The Iha-ri facility was integral to the development of the Pukguksong-2 (KN-15) medium-range ballistic missile. Nearly all equipment and infrastructure was removed from the site following an April 2018 statement by Chairman Kim that North Korea would cease ballistic missile testing activities.