SS-N-27 “Sizzler”

The SS-N-27 “Sizzler” (3M54)  is a Russian short-range ship-, and submarine-launched anti-ship missile. The Sizzler is part of the Kalibr family of missiles and has several export versions known as the ‘Klub’ missile series.

SS-N-27 “Sizzler” at a Glance

Originated From: Russia
Possessed By: Russia, Algeria, China, India, Iran, Vietnam
Alternate Names: SS-N-27, SS-N-27A, SS-N-27B, Sizzler, 3M54, 3M54M, 3M54E, 3M-54E1, 3M54TE, 3M54TE1, 3M54AE, 3M54AE1
Class: anti-ship cruise missile
Basing: submarine- ship-launched
Length: 8.22 m for 3M54 (6.2 m for 3M54M1)
Diameter: 0.534-0.645 m
Launch Weight: 1,920 kg for 3M54 (1,570 kg for 3M54M1)
Payload: single conventional warhead
Warhead: 1X200 kg HE for 3M54 (1X450 kg HE for 3M54M1)
Propulsion: solid propellant, turbojet (3M54 is three stage, 3M54M1 is two stage)
Range: 220 km (3M54), 300 km (3M54M1)
Status: Operational
In Service: 1987


SS-N-27 Development

Along with the rest of the Klub and Kalibr family of missiles, this anti-ship cruise missile began development in 1985 by Novator Experimental Design Bureau and was made available for export in 1997. NATO designated it the SS-N-27 “Sizzler” by NATO after it was first displayed in 1993. It has since been established that the SS-N-27A refers to the 3M54 version of the missile (three-stage propulsion) and that the SS-N-27B refers to the 3M54M1 version (two-stage propulsion).1

The Sizzler’s family of export variants is known as the “Klub” series. These include the submarine-launched Klub-S, which consists of the anti-ship 3M54E and 3M54E1 missiles. The Klub-N variants are surface ship-launched anti-ship missiles and include the 3M-54TE and the 3M54TE1. The Klub-A variant is air-launched and includes the anti-ship 3M54AE and the 3M54AE1.2

SS-N-27 Specifications

3M54 (SS-N-27A)
The 3M54 (SS-N-27A) anti-ship missile is equipped with a three-stage solid propellant turbojet engine and is 8.22 m long, 0.534 m in diameter, and has a launch weight of 1,930 kg. The minimum range of the 3M54 is 20 km with an estimated maximum range is 300 km.3

3M54M1 (SS-N-27B)
The 3M54M1 (SS-N-27B), although similar to the 3M54, has a two-stage solid propellant turbojet engine and is significantly shorter at 6.2 m, and lighter at 1,570 kg, with a diameter of 0.534 m. The 3M54M1 is equipped with a heavier 450 kg HE warhead and has an increased range of up to 300 km.4 A vertical launch version of the missile, the 3M54TM1, is 6.92 m long, 0.645 m in diameter, and weighs 1,780 kg. Also equipped with a 450 kg HE warhead, turbojet engine, inertial navigation system, and GPS, the 3M54TM1 has a maximum range of 275 km.5

Klub Variants
Within the Klub-S export family, the 3M-54E is 8.2 m, has a range of 220 km and is equipped with a 200 kg warhead. The 3M54E1 is 6.2 m, has a range of 300 km and is equipped with a 400 kg warhead.6

The Klub-N variant includes the 3M54TE, which is 8.9 m long, is equipped with a 200 kg warhead and a range of 220 km. The 3M54TE1 is 8.9 m long, has a 400 kg warhead and a range of 300 km.7

The Klub-A variant includes the 3M54AE, which is equipped with a 200 kg warhead and has a range of 300 km. The Klub-A version is similar to the 3M54M1 and 3M54 but do not have the first stage solid-propellant boost motor. The air-launched missiles are fitted inside lightweight canisters for air-carriage and have a diameter of 0.578 m. Combined with their canisters, the Klub-A air launched variants weigh 1,400 kg and have a length of 6.2 m.8

SS-N-27 Service History

Russia reportedly test-fired the missiles in 2004 and they have since been deployed with the Russian Navy on the Bunyan-M corvette.9 SS-N-27s are reportedly also deployed on Grigorovich class frigates, as well as Yasen, Schula-B, and Lada class submarines. Klub-S variant missiles are reportedly arming the Borey Class SSBN.10

After Russia sold an undisclosed number of Sizzler anti-ship missiles to India in 1999, it was reported that the Sindhughosh-class submarine was fitted with a 3M54E missile system. India has since fit 3M54E missiles on three Russian-built Talwar-class frigates (eight missiles per ship).11

Reports claim that several unconfirmed issues presented during a 2007 test of the 3M54M1E, but that subsequent tests in 2008 were successful.12

A 2005 report claimed that eight Chinese Kilo-class submarines would be fitted with 3M54 Klub-S (submarine) missiles before 2008.13

In July 2008, an estimated nine 3M54 missiles were test-launched from Indian Sindhughosh-class submarines. Although unconfirmed, reports suggest that China has also tested the missile.14

In March 2016, it was announced that Russian Project 971 will upgrade the ‘Akula’-class nuclear powered attack submarines and arm them with 3M54 missiles.15

    1. James O’Halloran, IHS Jane’s Weapons: Strategic 2015-2016, 2015, (United Kingdom: IHS), 174.
    2. “3M-54/Caliber SS-N-27 Sizzler”, 2016,
    3. Jane’s Strategic, 174.
    4. Office of Naval Intelligence, “The Russian Navy: A Historic Transition”, December 2015,
    5. Jane’s Strategic, 174.
    6. Office of Naval Intelligence, “The Russian Navy: A Historic Transition”, December 2015,
    7. Jane’s Strategic, 174.
    8. Ibid.
    9. “3M-54/Caliber SS-N-27 Sizzler”, 2016,
    10. Commodore Stephen Saunders RN, IHS Jane’s Fighting Ships: 2016-2017, (United Kingdom: IHS), pp. 677-707.
    11. Jane’s Strategic, 174.
    12. Ibid.
    13. Ibid.
    14. Ibid.
    15. Nikolai Novichkov and Peter Felstead, “Russian Project 971 Submarines to be Armed with Kalibr Missiles”, IHS Jane’s Defense Weekly, 24 Marc 2016,