Hatf 3 “Ghaznavi” at a Glance
Originated from: Pakistan
Possessed by: Pakistan
Class: Short-Range Ballistic Missile (SRBM)
Length: 8.5 m
Diameter: 0.8 m
Launch weight: 4,650 kg
Payload: Single warhead, 700 kg
Warhead: HE, submunitions, 12-20 kT nuclear
Propulsion: Single-stage solid propellant
Range: 290 km
In service: 2004
Like the DF-11, the Hatf-3 appears to be an improved ‘Scud’ type ballistic missile. Its greatest military utility is in deployment against large, fixed targets such as military bases, airfields, and poses a threat to civilian urban areas.
The Hatf 3 is around 8.5 m in length, 0.8 m in diameter, and 4,650 kg in launch weight. It can carry a single warhead up to 700 kg a maximum of 290 km. The warhead can be conventional, high explosive (HE), nuclear 12 to 20 kT, or submunitions. Its inertial guidance system provides an accuracy of 250 m CEP. If equipped with terminal guidance, however, its accuracy could improve to 50 m CEP. It uses a single-stage solid propellant engine.2
The development of the Hatf 3 originally started in 1987, but was terminated seven years later with the purchase of a number of PRC DF-11 missiles in 1994.3 The development program was restarted in 1997 to augment Pakistan’s limited number of DF-11 missiles, or possible to disguise further purchases as domestic production. The first flight test of the Hatf-3 occurred in May 2002, and became operational in 2004.4 Subsequent flight tests took place in June and December of 2006, February 2008, and May 2010.
Production of the Hatf 3 was terminated in April 2007, with between 30 and 50 missiles in service as of 2007.5