Hatf 1

The Hatf 1 is a short-range, road-mobile, solid-fueled ballistic missile. There are three versions: the 1, 1A, and 1B.

Hatf 1 at a Glance

Originated from: Pakistan
Possessed by: Pakistan
Class: Short-Range Ballistic Missile (SRBM)
Basing: Road-mobile
Length: 6.0 m
Diameter: 0.56 m
Launch weight: 1,500 kg
Payload: Single warhead, 500 kg
Warhead: Conventional
Propulsion: Solid propellant
Range: 70-100 km
Status: Operational
In service: 1992

Hatf 1

The Hatf 1 is a mobile, tactical system that was revealed by Pakistani officials in 1989 and believed to have entered service in 1992. It is ground mobile and can be launched from Transporter-Erector-Launcher (TEL) vehicles.1 The missile has no in-flight guidance, as evidenced by the long launch ramp that accompanies it, making the Hatf 1 similar in form to an artillery rocket. This makes Hatf 1’s accuracy poor. Even if properly aimed, it can likely only hit within several kilometers of the target area. The Hatf 1 has a range of approximately 70 km when carrying a 500 kg warhead.2 The Hatf 1 is probably deployed with high explosive or chemical weapons, and although it could theoretically carry a tactical nuclear weapon, Pakistan has declared it to be non-nuclear.3 The missile is single staged, with a diameter of 0.56 m and is 6 m in length. Due to its solid propellant, it is simple to store, transport, and fire.

The Hatf 1A is believed to have entered service in 1995, with an increased range of 100 km and improved accuracy.

The Hatf 1B, the final evolution of the Hatf-1, was first flight tested in February 2000. It likely became operational in 2004. The Hatf 1B is probably a Hatf 1A that employs a rudimentary inertial guidance system while retaining the range and payload of the original Hatf 1. Despite the addition of the guidance system, which presumably gives it accuracy in the hundreds of meters CEP, it is still effectively an artillery system.4

The Hatf 1 and its variants were probably developed with foreign assistance. While the majority of aid for development of nuclear warheads came from the People’s Republic of China (PRC), the missiles themselves may have been derived from French technology, either from the single-stage Dauphin rocket or the two-stage Eridan. There is also some evidence of cooperation between French companies and the Pakistani government on early Haft 1 development.5

    1. “Hatf 1, in IHS Jane’s Weapons: Strategic 2015-2016, ed. James C. O’Halloran (United Kingdom: IHS, 2015), 69-70.
    2. “Hatf 1, in IHS Jane’s Weapons: Strategic 2015-2016, ed. James C. O’Halloran (United Kingdom: IHS, 2015), 69-70.
    3. Arvind Kumar and Michael Vannoni, Ballistic Missile Proliferation in Southern Asia: Options for Stabilization, (Sandia National Laboratories, Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper 3/4: February 2004) Accessed on http://www.sandia.gov/cooperative-monitoring-center/_assets/documents/sand2004-0317.pdf.
    4. “Hatf 1, in IHS Jane’s Weapons: Strategic 2015-2016, ed. James C. O’Halloran (United Kingdom: IHS, 2015), 69-70.
    5. S. Chandrashekar, Arvind Kumar, and Rajaram Nagappa, An Assessment of Pakistan’s Ballistic Missile Programme: Technical and Strategic Capability, (National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore, India, 2006) 7.