In March 2015, the Gulf Cooperation Council, led by Saudi Arabia, launched Operation Decisive Storm in order to bolster the internationally recognized Yemeni government led by President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi. Since then, Houthi rebels within Yemen have launched a significant number of short-range ballistic missiles towards Saudi Arabia and other GCC military installations. Despite major efforts to negate Houthi ballistic missile assets through airstrikes, the tempo of ballistic missile activity does not appear to have abated.
This timeline illustrates GCC coalition intercepts of ballistic missiles launched from within Yemen since the operation began. The Saudi coalition is employing PATRIOT ballistic missile defense units to defend against these strikes. Its first intercept of a ballistic missile fired by Yemeni forces occurred in June 2015. There have reportedly been over two dozen successful intercepts of Scud, Tochka, and other missiles deployed by forces within Yemen. Due to the limited reliability of information concerning the ongoing conflict, there may have been other intercepts or ballistic missile strikes not reflected here. The information on this timeline was obtained from AFP, Arab News, Defense News, IHS Jane’s, International Business Times, Kuwait News Agency, Reuters, Saudi Press Agency, Times of Israel, The Guardian, The National, and the Wall Street Journal.
PLEASE NOTE: A “strike” as indicated in the timeline does not necessarily equate a failed intercept, as many missile strikes have occurred in areas not protected by missile defense forces. This information is in no way an accurate means to assess the reliability of Patriot or any other air and/or missile defense system.