KN-01

The KN-01 is a North Korean anti-ship cruise missile. It is believed to be a variant of the Soviet Union’s P-15 Termit (also known as Styx and SS-N-1) as well as China’s CSS-C-2 Silkworm.

KN-01 at a Glance

Originated From: China (CSS-C-2 Silkworm), Soviet Union (P-15 Termit/Styx/SS-N-1)
Possessed By: North Korea
Class: Anti-Ship Cruise Missile
Basing: Road-mobile, potentially sea- and air-launchable
Length: 7.36 m
Diameter: 760 mm
Launch Weight: 3,000 kg
Payload: Single warhead, ~500 kg HE warhead
Warhead: 250 or 500 kT nuclear, HE, submunitions, chemical
Propulsion: solid propellant boost motor, liquid propellant sustainer motor
Range: 160 km
Status: Presumed Operational

kn-01

The missile is estimated to be 7.36 m in length, 760 mm wide, capable of carrying approximately a 50 kg high-explosive (HE) warhead, with an approximate range of 160 km.1  Some reports have alleged that North Korea has made modifications to the missile to improve this range, with the missile potentially capable of traveling up to 300 km.2

North Korea has tested the cruise missile repeatedly. Between its first flight test in February 1993 and June 2007, it is estimated that the KN-01 was tested 10-15 times.3 Several tests have taken place since, from both the air and ground. However, it is only assessed that the missiles used in most of these tests were KN-01’s. It is possible they were some other variant. Most recently, North Korea launched three KN-01’s in June 2015.4

Sources

  1. See: “HY-2 improvement (AG-1/KN-01),” in IHS Jane’s Weapons: Strategic 2015-2016, ed. James C. O’Halloran (United Kingdom: IHS, 2015), 166-167; John Schilling and Henry Kan, “The Future of North Korea’s Nuclear Delivery Systems,” US-Korea Institute at SAIS, April 2015, 24, http://38north.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/NKNF_Delivery-Systems.pdf
  2. See: Kang Tae-jun, “North Korea extends range of KN01 anti-ship missile – media,” NK News, November 23, 2013, https://www.nknews.org/2013/11/north-korea-extends-range-of-kn01-anti-ship-missile-media
  3. See: “HY-2 improvement (AG-1/KN-01),” in IHS Jane’s Weapons: Strategic 2015-2016, ed. James C. O’Halloran (United Kingdom: IHS, 2015), 166-167
  4. See: “N. Korea Test-Fires Three Short-Range Missiles,” Defense News, June 14, 2015, http://www.defensenews.com/story/defense/international/asia-pacific/2015/06/14/korea-test-fires-three-short-range-missiles/71210944/